Bauhaus (or Staatliches Bauhaus) was a German design school that operated from 1919-1933. Founded by Walter Gropius, the school’s mission was to promote a synthesis of the arts. Importance was placed on considering how to unify all aspects of design, from typography, fashion, architecture, interior design and so on. (Gesamkunstwerk is the precise term in German) The school attracted many fantastic designers. A recognizable Bauhaus style emerged because many that attended the school were interested in functionality and minimalism.
Geometric forms, balanced compositions, and a sort of futuristic looks are all telltale signs of Bauhaus design.
- Laszlo Moholy-Nagy (1895-1946), a Hungarian born artist and painter that emphasized the integration of new technology and industrialization in design. Moholy-Nagy taught several courses in diverse media, but was most interested with manipulating photography. He considered cameras to be a “new eye”, capable of seeing and capturing the world in ways in which the human eye cannot.
- Josef Albers (1888-1976), the famed color theorist and Modernist painter.
- Anni Albers (1899-1984): a textile designer, weaver, and printmaker that helped pioneer many young women’s careers.
yet knew very little of Oskar Schlemmer (1888-1943), the instructor responsible for direction and development of these costumes.